Kayal Osteoporosis Center
As we age, bone loss occurs, and bone production slows. Medication and genetics can also predispose us to thinner bones. The term “osteopenia” is used to describe the bone density reduction that results from these factors. It is important to remember that osteopenia is not a disease, but an indicator that you are at greater risk for developing osteoporosis. Patients who have osteopenia are more likely to develop fractures and postural degeneration, and should pursue treatment to prevent the onset of serious bone disease.
Osteopenia does not cause tangible symptoms, but bones are at greater risk of breaking. To diagnose the condition, Kayal Osteoporosis Center physicians utilize state-of-the-art bone density tests that determine your bone mineral density, or BMD. The most accurate test is called a DEXA: dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry test, which can detect minute amounts of bone loss (as little as two percent).
Once Dr. Robert A. Kayal, MD or his colleagues have discovered your osteopenia, they will recommend therapy options to help strengthen your bones and reduce your risk of developing osteoporosis. Pro-active treatment may include:
- Lifestyle changes. Eliminating smoking and alcohol, eating a healthy diet, and eating high-calcium and vitamin D foods (or taking supplements) can slow bone loss.
- Weight-bearing exercise. Resistance training helps to build bone density, so your physician may put you on an exercise program.
- Medications. Occasionally, your osteopenia specialist may recommend biophosphonates or hormone replacement to treat osteopenia and ongoing bone thinning.
If you believe you are at risk for developing osteopenia or osteoporosis, contact the Kayal Osteoporosis Center team today. Depending upon your situation, the Kayal team may recommend more frequent bone density testing or more careful assessment of your fitness and dietary plan.